William J. Gause (1829-1914), born in Alabama, moved to
Texas in 1849, to the Brazos region in 1856, and to
this locality in 1872. Buying lumber in Montgomery, he
gave his friend Dan Fowler half in return for hauling
it here. The two built the first homes in this
settlement. In 1873, Gause gave right of way and 100
acres of land to the International & Great Northern
Railroad, and the town was platted. Gause Post Office
opened in 1874, with James S. Reynolds as postmaster.
The I. G. N. freighted out great quantities of cotton,
and the town thrived. Cotton gins, stores, blacksmith
shops, a lumber yard, a bank, hotels, livery stables, a
newspaper and other businesses were established.
Besides W. J. Gause, civic leaders included Dr. J. E.
Brown, Richard Cox, Dr. James dollar, Lafayette Ely,
Bill Faubian, Dan Fowler, J. C. Lister, C. C. Moore,
Dr. John Porter, Frank Thomas, and T. L. Watts.
Churches were organized and a Masonic Lodge chartered.
The county's first independent school was established
in Gause. Good highways, mechanized farming, and
decline of railroading halted commerce in the town of
Gause. It survives, however, as a residential site
chosen by descendants of the pioneers and by commuters
of industrial plants and businesses in this vicinity.
Historical Marker located in park &
ride lot on Highway 79